Botanical name – Mesua ferrea
Family name –Guttiferae, Clusiaceae
English name – Ceylon ironwood, Indian rose chestnut
Common name – Mesua, Naga Champa
Synonyms – Ahipushpa, Ibha, Kanakahva, Kancanahvaya, Kinijilkam, Kesaram, Campeyam, Natam, Nagam, Naga Kinjilkam, Naga Puspam, Naga renuka, Pinjaram, Phanipannagam, Rukmam, Suvarnam, Hemapusam
Habit – Perennial tree
Useful Parts–Whole plant (flowers, seeds, fruit, leaves, bark)
Common Uses –It has astringent, digestive, anti-poisonous, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and anthelmintic activity. It is used as an appetizer, a brain and cardio tonic, and to cure fever, itching, nausea, leprosy, skin disorders, erysipelas, bleeding piles, metrorrhagia, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea, excessive thirst, and sweating. The flowers are astringent, bitter, acrid, mildly heating, digestive, carminative, constipating, anthelmintic, diuretic ,alexipharmic, expectorant, stomachic, haemostatic, aphrodisiac, and febrifuge.They are useful in asthma, cough, hiccough, leprosy, scabies, skin diseases, pruritus, vomiting, dysentry, haemorrhoids, ulcers, burning sensation of feet, impotency, anorexia, leucorrhoea, haemoptysis, fever and cardiac debility. The seed oil is used in skin diseases. The pericarp of the fruit is astringent and stomachic. Externally, the seed oil is analgesic; it is used in inflammatory arthritis.
Indications – Its paste is applied externally or its oil is used externally in skin disorders, discolouration, and wounds. It is used internally in morbid thirst, burning sensation, loss of taste, vomiting, bleeding haemorrhoids, diarrhoea with blood, gout, herpes, itching, metrorrhagia, menorrhagia and miscarriage.
Products description – It is a main ingredient Amrutprash Ghrita, Ayushkar Pile Care Tablet, Lavanbhaskar Churna.