Botanical name – Bombax malabarica
Family name – Malvaceae
English name – Red Silk Cotton Tree
Common name – Cotton Tree, Tree Cotton
Synonyms –Mocha, Picchula, Purani, Raktapushpa, Tulini, Sthirayu.
Habit – Perennial tree
Useful Parts–Roots, flowers, fruits, gum, thorns.
Common Uses – Shalmali possess beneficial effects as astringent, cooling, stimulant, diuretic, aphrodisiac, demulcent, expectorant and tonic. It is also beneficial in asthma, diarrhoea, dysentery, menorrhagia, wound, leucorrhoea, anaemia, splenomegaly and tuberculosis. The root is taken in debility, sexual weakness including seminal disorder. Stem bark is applied on swelling, boil and burning sensation and applied on face in facial complaints such as freckles, acne vulgeris and other cutaneous, acne, as well as pigmentation disorder. Flowers are astringent and are good for skin troubles, splenomegaly, and haemorrhoids. Dry young fruit are beneficial in calculous affection and chronic inflammation and ulceration of the bladder and kidneys including others form of dysuria and in weakness of the genital organs.Generally the gum is used in vata diseases. The fruits as well as the gum are reported to be aphrodisiac and rejuvenator.
Indications – It is used externally in Hyperpigmentation, Wounds, and Stomatitis. Its bark is used internally in Diarrhoea, Dysentry, Bleeding haemorrhoids, and Bleeding disorder. Its resin is used internally in Sexual debility and its flowers are used internally in Vata type of cough and Burning micturition.
Products description–It is available in Gum, Powder and Capsule.